C36. Rice, R.E. (2002).  Primary issues in Internet use:  Access, civic and community involvement, and social interaction and expression.  In L. Lievrouw & S. Livingstone (Eds.), Handbook of new media (pp. 105-129).  London, UK: Sage.


This chapter reviews relevant research on three primary issues concerning the social consequences of the Internet: (1) access, (2) civic, political and community involvement, and (3) social interaction and forms of expression.  It organizes the prior research and theory according to whether they represent a pessimistic or optimistic perspective.

ACCESS
Pessimistic Perspective
    Access to computers and the Internet
    Barriers, influences and consequences
    Other divides
Optimistic Perspective
CIVIC AND POLITICAL INVOLVEMENT
Civic and political involvement
    Pessimistic perspective
    Optimistic perspective
COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT
The Nature of 'real' Community
Optimistic Perspective
A Broader Question of Impacts
Social Interaction and Expression
    Pessimistic Perspective
    Optimistic Perspective
        Increased frequency and diversity of interactions
        The Internet at home and in school
        Association with other media use
        Increasing diversity of voices
Potential transformations
CONCLUSION
REFERENCES

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