Rebich-Hespanha, S., Rice, R.E., Montello, D.R., Retzloff, S., Tien, A.
Hespanha, J.P. (2015). Image themes and frames in U.S. print news
about climate change. Environmental Communication, 9(4), 491-519.
Research on frames in
climate change (CC) news coverage has
advanced substantially over the past decade, but the emerging
the framing role of visual imagery that often accompanies news texts
fragmented. We report on a set of image frames identified through
analysis of 350 images associated with 200 news articles from 11 US
and magazine sources from 1969 through late 2009. We reliably
quantified the occurrence of 118 image themes. We then hierarchically
the themes based on their co-occurrence in images to identify an
framework of 42 image frames. We highlight frames associated with
types of images (e.g., photographs and maps) or geographic regions.
the full set of frames, we identify 15 that commonly appear in US CC
imagery and discuss the ways in which image frames make salient (or
invisible) particular categories of people, geographic regions, aspects
science, and spheres of activity.
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