A1. Rice, R.E. & Parker, E. (1979). Telecommunications alternatives for developing countries. Journal of Communication, 29(4), 125-136. Reprinted in G. Gerbner & M. Siefert (Eds.), (1983). World communications: A handbook (pp. 262-276). New York: Longman.

A large and growing body of research and reports has addressed the range of development applications a telecommunications system can support (see 7 and 11 for reviews). Some of the proposed and empirically demonstrated benefits are related to the primary function of telecommunications: to provide communication links for a geographically dispersed population. In addition, knowledge may be generated and distributed in greater and more equal amounts and travel and transport cost can be greatly reduced by transmitting information instead. In this article three models of satellite systems are compared and contrasted with other communications systems to show their most efficient and economical forms.

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